Franklin, Aretha (Louise) (1942- ), American popular-music, soul, and
rhythm-and-blues singer, praised for her great vocal capabilities and for the
emotion and conviction she brings to her performances. Born in Memphis,
Tennessee, Franklin spent most of her childhood in Detroit, Michigan, where
her father was a well-known evangelist preacher and singer. She was greatly
influenced by the gospel singers who visited his church.
Franklin began her recording career in 1960. In 1967 her album I Never Loved a Man
and five single records, including "Respect" and "I Never,"
each sold more than 1 million copies. She widened her audience with the albums
Live at the Fillmore West (1971) and Young, Gifted and Black (1971),
which appealedto fans of both popular music and rhythm and blues.
Franklin has won many honors and awards, including a
Grammy LegendsAward (1991), a Kennedy Center Honors Award
for lifetime achievement in the performing arts (1994),
and a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award (1994).
Facts Bout Aretha
adding the R-E-S-P-E-C-T, and backing vocal arrangement:
sock it to me. Her
sister Carolyn was also instrumental in the tempo aspect.